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University of Toronto 

Annual Report of the Councils of the University of Toronto and Univer- 
sity College for 1890-1. 

To His Honor The Honorable Sir Alexander Campbell, K.C.M.G., Lieutenant-Governor of 
the Province of Ontario, Visitor of th", Universitij of Toronto and Universiiy College :^ 

May it Please Your Honor ; 

The President and the Councils of the University of Toronto and University Col- 
lege beg leave to present to your Honor, as Visitor on behalt" of ths Ci'own, the following 
report for the past academic y< ar. 

In the last statement submitted to your Honor they were gra<ified in being able to 
report to you the inaugutarion oC a new building specially devoted to the Department of 
Biology and the allied branches of Science, and they then further specified the work in 
progress for its extension and completion. The plans then in process of execution have 
since been mainly carried out, nnd while full accommodation for all requisite instruction 
in subjects embraced in the Arts studies in Biology, Physiology and Botany has thus 
been secured, arrangements have been entered into with the Medical Faculty whereby 
it is admitted to the use of certain portions of the building for s|)ecial work pertain- 
ing to instruction in the same branches of science for the medical faculty, on the pay- 
ment of an annual rent of $1,200, computed as the interest on the capital sum expended 
on the erection of such portions of the extended building as are set apart for its use. 

The new additions to the aforesaid building include accommodation for the Biologi 
cal Museum, and the President and Councils are gratified in being able to report the 
receipt of numerous \al liable gifts to replace the losses in this department due to the 
disastrous fire of February 14, 1890. When tlie Museum is furnislied with the needful 
fittings and its contents rendered available for students and for the public, it will be 
found to be enriclied with contributions from Universities and other scientific bodies of 
London, Paris, Washington, Cambridge, Mass , Ann Arbor, Mich., and Montreal, as 
well as by valuable gifts from numerous private donors, including Sir William Dawson, 
Dr. Garnier, Dr. McLellan, Colonel Grant, Mrs. Neville, William Chrisiie, Esq., and 
others. When the furnishings of the Museum have been completed, and all the lecture- 
rooms, laboratories, and other appliances embraced in the [troposed extension and fur- 
nishing of the Biological and other buildings are ready for use, many important and much 
needed means for instru>.-tion and scientific research will for the first time be available to 
Canadian students. 

It was the painful duty of the President and Councils last year to report to your 
Honor the destruction of the main University Ijuilding by fire. No time was lost in tak- 
ing all needful steps for its r< stoiation. The liberal response of the Provincial Legisla- 
ture, of the Legislature of Quebec, and of many generous private donors, supplemented 
by an inadtquate amount of insurance secured on the buildings, have enabled the Univer- 
sity authorities so effectually to press on the work of restoration, that the Faculties of 
Arts and Law resume the work of a new year in the restored building, and they have 
the assurance of the architect and contractors that the whole will be handed over to 
tliem complete on the return of the students after the Christmas holidays in Easter term. 

In tiie plans i)repared and approve<l of for the restoration of the building, the oppor- 
tunity of remodelling and rearranging the whole, with a view to its adaptation to the 
growing wants, and the izreat expansion in various depiraueiits of study, has been turned 
to the lullest account. The iuadt-quacy of the old Convocation Hall for convocations and 
other public me'^-tings of a Univeisity now numbering 2,400 graduates, had long been a 
subj ct of complaint. Its destructitn placed the site at the disposal of the architect for 
providing indispensable accommodation for classes, alike increased their requirements by 
the nece-sity fur sub division of the work, and in the number of .students that had to be 
pr>\idcil lor. Tlie same lesults have follow<d, though in a less degree, from tlie removal 
of the Museum of Natuial History to the Biological building, and the transfer of the 

library to temporary quarters till the completion of a detached and fire proof library 
building now in process of erection on the east side of the College lawn. 

By the appropriation of this recovered space, and the numerous modi6catioiis and 
additions which the experience of thirty-tive years suggested, the gains in the remodelling 
of the building have been manifold. Greatly extended accommodation has been appro- 
priated to the department of Physics, including lecture-rooms, electrical laboratory, work- 
shop, and other appliances. The department of Psychology lias been provided with a 
laboratory and work-room. The entire east wing has been rebuilt on a new plan with 
the result that, instead of nine there aie now fifteen lecture-rooms, at the disposal of the 
Faculty. In the old building there were only six private roouis for Professors and Lec- 
turers ; now they amount to twenty four ; and for the first time will enable the Profes- 
sors and Lecturers to adequately supplement the instructions of the class room by informal 
tutorial relations with individual students. The transfer of the museum to the new 
Biological building places a large lecture-hall at the disposal of the Faculty, which it is 
proposed to turn to account for courses of public lectures, and also to make it available, 
along with the old library, to supply much needed examination halls. The large reading- 
rooms formerly attached to the library have been set apart for a study and reading-room 
for the lady students, and with other additions co-education will now be freed from 
impediments that greatly militated against its success. Among other provisions for 
which space has also been found available in the new wing are a students' reading-room 
and club-room. Improved ventilation, heating, and the introduction of the incandescent 
electric light throughout the building, are included among many improvements with 
which the Faculty will enter on the work of a new year, encouraged by long-coveted 
facilities now placed at thfir disposal. 

In their report for 1889 90, the lent and Couacils.set forth in some detail the 
liberal aid, both in money and in books, contributed from various sources to replace the 
loss of the University library, the want of which has constituted so serious an impediment 
to the work both of Professors and students. The contributions from the London 
" University of Toronto Library Restoration Committee," and from many of the 
Universities both of the old and of the new world, as well as from numerous private 
donors, have since been largely augmented. The present condition of the library may be 
thus stated : Of books saved from the fire there are little more than 800 volumes ; 
2,598 newly purchased works have already been entered in the accession book ; and 
further addrtions, under order and in course of forwarding to the library, may be stated at 
about 5,000 volumes. The committee organized, under the presidency of the Marquess of 
Lome, ibr securing contributions towards the restoration of the library, with Air. A. 
Staveley Hill, M.P., as Treasurer, and Sir George Baden Powell, M.P., as Secretary, has 
now closed its labors ; and the gifts due to their indefatigable exertions on behalf of the 
University, and to the liberality of other generous donor.s, number in all 29,60Ir volumes. 
The funds available through the liberality of the Faculty graduates and friends of the 
University are now being expended, and the purchases made by the library committee 
under the advice of the Faculty have been mainly directed to meet the practical rei^uire- 
nients of the departments, and restore to the library, as far as means permit, its special 
function as a factor in the educational work of the University. There is thus already 
at its disposal fully 38,000 voiume.s, to be increased, it may be confidently anticipated, 
before the opening of our new library in October next, to not less than 40,000 volumes, 
including scientific serials from the library of the great chemist, the Hon. Ht-nry Caven- 
dish, choice folios of early date from that of the historian of "The Decline and Fail of 
the Roman Empire," and other works which derive a special and unique value from their 
gifted donors. 

The plans for the new library building have been carefully pr.'parc d by the architect, 
in co-operaiion with a committee specially entrusted with the work, and after personal 
inspection by the architect of some of the more recently erected libraries in the United 
States. The new structure is now in progress on the site selected for it mid^vay btitween 
the buildings appropriated to literary and scientific instruction, and will form an 
attractive addition to the group of buildings surrounding the College lawn. The plans 

aim at the coDfetruciicn of a detached, and, as far as possible, a fire-proof building, 
embodying the fruits of the most recent experience botli in the old and in the new world, 
The book-room, adapted for the secure accommodation of the entire collection within 
narrow limits, has been pla-ined on a scale to admit of the rec°ption of 1 ■20,000 volumes, 
with provision for fuure extension. To this a set of studit'S will be attaclied appro- 
priated to the leading departments of science, letters and philosophy. It is further j)ro- 
posed that the entire building shall be illuminated with the electric light, and so furnish 
an attractive resort where the student may pass his evenings with no less pleasure than 
profit. With the improvements thus aimt^d at, it is confi lently anticipated that the 
new library will prove an invaluable adjunct to the whole scheme of higher education, as 
a common centre of intellectual life, and a bond of closer union among the federating 
Colleges of the Provincial University. 

Thus far steps have been taken for supplying immediate and pressing wants of the 
University. But e^en these can only be carried out by the temporary appropriation of 
funds properly applicable to the purchase of books, and by drawing on capital in the 
hope of being able to replace it by the sale of lands and by the surplus funds which it, is 
hoped may acciue in future years, and so prove available for this pur|ios'\ Meanwhile 
adequate accommodation is required both for the Department of Chemistry and for that 
of Geology. A gymnasium is urgently needed as an indispensable requisite for main- 
taining the health and phy.sical development of the students ; and at each new Convo- 
cation, or other pubLc University meeting, the need of an adequate Convocation Hall, 
forces itself with increa.sing urgency on the attention of all who take any interest in the 
proper and becoming conduct of University alfairs. 

Several additions have been made to the teaching .staff', pursuant to a report made to 
the University Senate in April last, and the new lecturers and tutors enter on active 
duty with the commencement of another academic year. They include in the depart- 
ments of the Alts Faculty : W. S. Milner, B A, Lecturer in the Latin Language and 
Literature; G. II. Needier, B.A., Ph. D., Lecturer in German; J. R. Camerdh, B. A., 
Lecturer in French; W. S. McLay, B. A., Fellow in Italian and Spanidi ; D. W. 
McGee, B. A , Fellow in Oriental Languages ; J. F. Howard, B. A., Second Fellow in the 
Department of Mathemat/ics, and W Lash Miller, B. A., Ph. D., Demonstrator in 

In addition to the new members of the Faculty of Arts, as specitied above, Professor 
James Gibson Hume has now returned from pursuing his post-graduate studies at 
Freiburg, and enters on his duties as Professor in the Departments of Ethics and History 
of Philosophy, in conjunction with his colleague, Professor James Mark Baldwin, the 
Professor of Psychology, Logic, and Metaphysics. 

In the Faculty of Medicine the following Professors, Lecturers, and Demonstrators 
will also enter on their duties in Michaelmas Term : — A. B. .Macallum, A B, M.B., Ph.D., 
has been appointed Professor of Physiology ; John Caven, B. A., M D., Professor of 
Pathology; and James M. McCallum, B.A., M.D., Professor of Pharmacology an I 
Thei-apeutics. W. P. (/'aven, M.B., will enter on his duties as Dem )iistrator in Clinical 
Medicine; and T. S. Callen, M.B., J. T. Fotheringiiam, B.A, MB., W. Ilarley Smith, 
B.A., M. B., F. N. G. Starr, M.B., and W. B. Thistle, M.D., as Assistant Demonstrators 
ill Anatomy. G. A. Peters, M.B., F.R.C.S., has been appointed As.sociate Professor of 
the Principles of Surgery and Clinical Surgery, and Lecturer on Surgical Mechanics ; 
A. McPhedran, M.B., Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine ; an I G. R. McDomgh, 
M. D., Lecturer in Laryngology and Rhinology. Mr. A C. xMcK ly, B.A, will, as 
L cturer in Physics, u:Hl!rtike thi spejiil work embracei in the requirements for the 
ilegf-e in Medicine, in addition to the duties devolving on him as an instructor in the 
Faculty of Arts. 

'I'he following is a list of the several faculties, embracing all Professors, Lecturers, 
D.-in onstrators and Fellov\'S, in the Faculties of Aits, Liw and Medicine, including those 
wio outer on their duties in Michaelmas Term, 1891 :^ 


President : 

Sir Daniel Wilson, LL.D., F.R.S.E. 

Faculty of Arts. 

Professors, etc. : 
Physics :— 

Professor: — James Loudon, M.A. 
Demonstrator: — W. J. Loudon, F. A. 
Fellow :— 0. A. Chant, B. A. 

Mathematics : — 

Professor: — Alfred Baker, M.A. 

Fellows: — R. Henderson, B. A, and J. F. Howard, B.A. 

Mineralogy and Geology ; — 

Professor: — Edward J. Chapman, Ph.D., LL D. 
Fellow :— W. G. Miller, B.A. 

Biolo<i;y : — 

Professor: — R. Ramsay Wright, M.A., B.Sc. 
Fellow :— E. 0. JeftVey, B.A. 

Physiology : — 

Lecturer:— A. B. Macalluni, B.A., M.B., Ph.D. 

Chemistry : — 

Professor :—W. H. Pike, M.A., Ph.D. 
Demonstrator : -W. Lash Miller, B.A., Ph.D. 
"^Fellow : — John Munro, B.A. 

Philosophy : — 

Professor of Psychology, Logic and Metaphysics : — J.MarkBaldwia, M. A., Pii.D 
Professor of History of Philosophy : — J. Gibson Hume, B. A. , Ph.D. 
Fellow :— F. Tracy. B.A. 

History and Ethnology : — 

Professor :— Sir Daniel Wilson, LL.D., F.R.S.E. 

Political Economy and Constitutional History : — 
Professor :—\V. J. Ashley, M.A. 
Fellow :- J. M. xMcEvoy, B.A. 

Comparative Philology : — 

Professor : — Maurice Hutton, M.A. 

Italian and Spanish : — 

Lecturer: — W. H. Fraser, B.A. 
Fellow:— W. S. McLay, B.A. 

{In University College.) 

Greek : — 

Professor : — Maurice Hutton, M.A. 
Lectuier : — H Rushton Fairolough, M.A. 

Latin : — 

Lecturer : — W. Dale, M.A. 
Lecturer: — W. S. Milner, B.A, 
Fellow : — R. J, Bonner, B.A. 

Ancient History, Greek : — 

Lecturer -. — H. Rushtou Fairclough, M. A. 

Ancient History, Latin :— 

Lecturer :—W. Dale, M. A. 

Oriental Literature : — 

Professor :— J. F. McCurdy, Ph.D. 
Fellow :— D. W. McGee, B.A. 

English Language and Literature : — 

Professor: — W. J. Alexander, B.A., Ph.D. 
Lecturer :— D. R. Keys, M.A. 

French : — 

Lecturer : — J. Squair, B.A. 
Lecturer : — J. H. Cameron, B.A. 
Fellow :— W. 0. P. Bremner, B.A. 

German : — 

Lecturer : — W. H. Vander Smissen, M.A. 
Lecturer :— G. H. Needier, B A., Ph.D. 
Fellow :— A. M. Stewart, B.A. 

Ethics : — 

Professor : — J. Gibson Hume, B.A., Ph.D. 
Fellow :— F. Tracy, B.A. 

Faculty op Medicine. 

Professors, etc. 
Surgery : — 

Professor of Practical Surgery : — W". T. Aikins, M.D. LL.D., Dean of the 

Professor of Clinical Surgery : — L. McFarlane, M.D. 
Professor of Principles of Surgery : — T. H. Cameron, M.B. 

Associate Professor of Principles of Surgery and Clinical Surgery and Lecturer 
on Surgical Mechanics :—G. A. Peters, M.B., F.R C.S. 

Medicine : — 

Professor of Principles and Practice of Medicine : — H. H. Wright M D 

LC.P. andS., U. C. o . • •, 

Professor of Clinical Medicine and Dermatology , — J. E. Graham, M.D., L R.C.P. 
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine : — A. McPhedran, M.B. 
Demonstrator of Clinical Medicine :—W. P. Caven, M.B., L.R.C.P. 
Anatomy : — 

Professor of General and Surgical Anatomy . — J. H. Richardson, M. D. M.R.C S 
Professor of Primary Anatomy : — M. H. Aikins, B.A., M.D., M.R.C S. 
Lecturer on Topographical Anatomy and Assistant Demonstrator of Anatomy:— 

A Primrose, M.B., M.R.C.S. ' 

Demonstrator of Anatomy : — John Ferguson, M. A., M. D., L.F.P.S., L. R.C.P. 

Assistant Demonstrators of Anatomy : — 

H. Wilberforce Aikins, B A., M.B., M.R.C.S. 

G. A. F<?re, M B., L R.C.P., M.R.C.S. 

T. S. CuUen, M.B. 

J. T. Fotheringham, B.A., M.B. 

W. Harley Smith, B.A., M.B. 

F. N. G. Starr, M.B. 

W. B. Thistle, M.D. 

Gynaecology : — 

Professor :— Uzziel Ogden, M.D 

Medical Jurisprudence : — 

Professor :— W. W. Ogden, M.D. 

Sanitary Science : — 

Professor :—W. Oldright, M.A., M. D. 

Ophthalmology and Otology : — 

Professor : — R. A. Reeve, B.A., M.D. 

Clinical Lecturer :— G. H. Burnham, M.D., F.R.O.S., M.R.O.S. 

Obstetrics : — 

Professor :— A. H. Wright, B.A., M.D., M.R.C.S., Secretary of the Faculty. 

General Biology and Physiology : — 

Professor : — R. Ramsay Wright, M. A., B.Sc. 

Professor of Physiology :— A B. Macallum, B.A., M.B., Ph.D. 

Demonstrator of Practical Biology : — T. McKenzie, B.A., M.B. 

Chemistry : — 

Professor :— William H. Pike, M.A., Ph D. 

Professor of Applied Chemistry : — William H. Ellis, M.A., M.B. 

Physics : — 

Professor : — James Loudon, M.A. 

Demonstrator of Practical Physics : — W. J. Loudon, B.A. 

Lecturer:— A. C. McKay, B.A. 

Medical Psychology : — 

Professor: — Daniel Clark, M.D. 

Laryngology and Rhinology : — 

Lecturer :— George R. McDonagh, M.D., L.R.C.P. 

Pharmacology and Therapeutics : — 

Emeritus Professor : — James Thorburn, M.D. 
Professor: — James M. McCallum, B.A., M.D. 
Demonstrator of Materia Medica and Pharmacy : — -O. R. Aviaon, M.D. 

Pathology : — 

Professor :— John Caven, B.A., M.D., L.R.C.P. 

Faculty of Law. 

Professors, etc. 

Political Economy and Constitutional History : — 

Professor :— W. J. Ashley, M.A. 
Roman Law, General Jurisprudence and History of English Law : — 

Professor : — The Honorable William Proudfoot. 

Constitutional and International Law : — 

Professor :— The Honorable David Mills, LL.B., Q.C. 

Wrongs and their Remedies:: — 

Honorary Lecturer . — The Hon Mr. Justice McMahon. 

Constitutional Law : — 

Honorary Lecturer: — The Hon. Edward Blake, M.A., LL.D., Q.C. 

Ethics of Law : — 

Honorary Lecturer :— The Hon. S, H. Blake, B.A., Q.C. 

Civil Rights :— 

Honorary Lecturer : — D'Alton McCarthy, Q.C. 

Municipal Institutions : — 

Honorary Lecturer : — "W. R. Meredith, LL.D., Q.C. 

Criminal Jurisprudence : — 

Honorary Lecturer : — Britton Bath Osier, LL.B., Q.C. 

Commercial and Maritime Law : — 

Honorary Lecturer : — Z. A. Lash, Q.C. 

Equity Jurisprudence : — 

Honorary 1-ecturer : — Charles Moss, Q.C. 

Comparative Jurisprudence of Ontario and Quebec :— 
Honorary Lecturer : — J. J. Maclaren, LL.D., Q.C. 

The President and Councils have the gratification of reporting the founding of a 
scholarship of the annual value of $300, to be called the "George Brown Memorial Scholar- 
ship in Medical Science," the liberal gift of Dr. A. H. F. Barbour, for the special en- 
couragement of research in Medical Science. They have also to record the welcome 
provision now maturing under arrangements secured by the generous gift of the Chancellor, 
the Honorable Edward Blake, whereby a capital sum of f 20,000, which it is proposed 
to supplement V)y the additional privilege of free tuition, in accordance with a statute of 
the Senate to that etlect, will be devoted to the establishment of matriculation scholar- 
ships in the Faculty of Arts. 

The work of restoration of the main University building is now so far advanced as 
to admit of the re-assembling of the students there, and the immediate occupation of the 
larger number of the new class rooms. The President and Faculty have accordingly had 
the gratification, within little nioie than eighteen months after the University had been 
reduced by fire to a blackened ruin, to hold the annual convocation of Michaelmas 
Term, on the 5th day of October of the current year, in the Hall of the restored building. 
At the previous convocation in October 1890, the number of new students in the Faculty 
of Arts amounted to 181, and in the Faculty of Medicine to 83. The entire number of 
students in attendance durin"; the past academic year was 700 in Arts, including 1 28 students 
of the School of Practical Scienceavailing themselves of the instruction given by Professors 
^nd Lecturers otthe University. Of 572 students in actual attendance on lectures, exclu- 
sive of the 128 students of the School of Practical Science availing themselves of the same, 
497 were undergraduates, pursuing full courses of study in accordance with the prescribed 
requirements of the University and with a view to their proceeding to a degree in Arts. 
The total number of underj.;raduates in the Faculty of Medicine, pursuing the prescribed 
courses with a view to graduating in that Faculty, amounted to 285. 

In conclusion, the President and Councils deem it of special importance to invite the 
attention of jcur Honor, and that of the Provincial Executive and the Legislature, to 
the fact prominently set forth in the recent report of the Standing Committee of the 
Senate on Finance, that, whatever the ultimate experiences of the University may be, 
they have to anticipate for some years considerable difliculty in meeting some of the most 
pressing wants of the University. They have the assurance that there are no reasonable 
grounds for anticipating an increase in the^ revenues of the University when the unsold 
lands in the Park estate have been leased or sold, and whatever reversion may ulti- 
mately accrue from the UpperCanadaCollege block has been realized. But meanwhile the 
authorities of the University will undoubtedly have to contend for some considerable 
time with difficulties arising from an inadequate income ; and even when all available 
means are realized, it is inqjortant that the Leg-'^lature should bear in remembrance that 
the entire endowments of this, the State University of the wealthy Province of Ontario, 
will fall far short of those of the leading Universities 6f the neighboring States, with 
which it is expected to compete successfully in all the departments of higher education. 

University of Toronto, Dec. 1891. Preside\ 

2 (T.)